Mangoes (Mangifera indica) are predominantly grown in the Northern Territory, Queensland, and when combined, produce approximately 95% of the total national crop. In recent years production volumes from the Northern Territory have grown to the point that it now equals production from Queensland. Mangoes are also grown in Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.
The seasonal harvest starts in the Northern Territory and Western Australia in September, followed by Queensland's dry tropical regions (Townsville / Burdekin / Bowen) in mid-November, Mareeba / Dimbulah in early December, Central Queensland in late December, and South East Queensland and Northern New South Wales in January.
Total volume of fruit marketed fluctuates from year to year, due to seasonal conditions and the irregular bearing nature of the crop. Average production marketed over the last five years has been approximately 53,500 tonnes. The gross value of production (GVP) at farm gate is approximately $140 million per annum.
There are a range of commercial mango varieties grown in Australia for the domestic and export markets. The main varieties and their respective approximate marketshare are: Kensington Pride (65%), Calypso™ (20%), R2E2 (6%) and Honey Gold™ (4%) and Keitt (3%). Other late season varieties include: Palmer, Kent, Pearl and Brooks.